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INDIVIDUAL U.S. STATE CHILD SUPPORT ARRANGEMENTS


Q. THE U.S. DOES NOT HAVE A FEDERAL INTERNATIONAL CHILD SUPPORT AGREEMENT WITH THE COUNTRY WHERE THE PERSON WHO IS OBLIGED TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT IS LOCATED. ARE THERE ANY OTHER ARRANGEMENTS AVAILABLE TO ASSIST WITH ENFORCEMENT?

A . Even if there is not a Federal-level agreement for child support enforcement, there may be a state-level arrangement with the country. Individual states have some form of reciprocal arrangement with a number of different countries. Such state-level arrangements may not be as comprehensive in services provided as the Federal-level agreements, however. Not all states have similar arrangements with all countries. In addition, there are a number of multilateral international agreements that may help. While most of these multilateral international agreements are not in force for the United States, their existence can still prove useful in international child support cases. If a country is a party to one of these agreements, your attorney or state child support office may wish to consider referring to this fact when approaching the foreign country or foreign employer for assistance. This collegial approach, appealing to the spirit of comity, can be helpful.

Q. WHAT IS THE AUTHORITY FOR SUCH STATE-LEVEL RECIPROCAL ARRANGEMENTS WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES?

A. Federal law provides that "States may enter into reciprocal arrangements for the establishment and enforcement of support obligations with foreign countries that are not the subject of a declaration pursuant to subsection (a), to the extent consistent with Federal law" ( 42 U.S.C. 659A(d) . The Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (in each State the law which governs interstate child support enforcement) provides in section 101(19) that the term "State" includes a foreign jurisdiction that has enacted a law or established procedures for issuance and enforcement of support orders which are substantially similar to the procedures of state law. See also Nash, Foreign Child Support Judgments: Declarations of Reciprocity by States, Digest of United States Practice in International Law 1980, Office of the Legal Adviser, U.S. Department of State, 499,502 (1986) and Pfund, Child Support Orders: Arrangements for Enforcement, Cumulative Digest of United States Practice in International Law, 1981-1988, Vol. III, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Legal Adviser, 3695-3697 (December 1995)..

A. Contact your state child support agency to find out about the existence and provisions of a state-level arrangements with a specific foreign country. You can also find whether your state has a state-level arrangement with a specific foreign country by going to U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) Online Interstate Roster and Referral Guide (IRG) and selecting your state from the map, then going to section C "Reciprocity."

The information contained below, drawn from the individual state reports, may not be entirely accurate as state reciprocal arrangements change without notice. It is wise to consult the most up-to-date information, which is available on the HHS home page.

  • Alabama: Ireland, Slovakia.
  • Alaska: Australia , Canada (only the following provinces: Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan and Yukon Territory), England, Germany, Ireland, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Sweden.
  • Arkansas: Canada (all provinces), Germany, Ireland, Poland, United Kingdom .
  • Arizona: Australia , Canada ( including provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick , Ontario, Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan); France, Germany, Ireland, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom , British Virgin Islands.
  • California: Australia , Austria, Bermuda, Canada (all provinces), Czech Republic, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand , Norway, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Slovak Republic, Sweden, United Kingdom .
  • Colorado: Australia , the following provinces in Canada : (Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Saskatchewan and the Yukon Territory), France, Germany, Ireland, Mexico, Norway, Poland and the United Kingdom .
  • Connecticutt: Australia ; Bermuda; Canadian Provinces: (Alberta, Nova Scotia, British Columbia, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick); France; Germany; Hungary; Ireland; Mexico (the following 27 of 32 states: Aguascalientes, Nayarit, Baja California, Nuevo Leon, Campeche, Puebla, Chiapas, San Luis Potosi, Chihuahua, Queretaro, Coahuila, Quintana Roo, Colima, Sonora, Distrito Federal, Tabasco, Guanajuato, Tamaulipas, Guerrero, Tlaxcala, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Jalisco, Yucatan, Michoacan, Zacatecas, Morelos); Norway; Poland; Slovak Republic; United Kingdom ..
  • Delaware: Australia , Canada (the following provinces in Canada , Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon; England, and Germany.
  • District of Columbia: None.
  • Florida: Australia , Austria, Bermuda, Canada (including Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland/Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory), Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Jamaica, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, South Africa, Sweden, United Kingdom .
  • Georgia: Australia , Canada (the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Alberta, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan), Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom .
  • Hawaii: Australia , Germany and United Kingdom .
  • Idaho: Australia , Austria, Bermuda, Canada (all provinces), Czech Republic, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico (Referrals/Payments thru Consulate of Utah or California), New Zealand , Norway, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Slovak Republic, Sweden and the United Kingdom
  • Illinois: Australia , Austria, Bermuda, Canada (all provinces), Columbia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Mexico, New Zealand , Northern Ireland , Norway, Poland, Scotland, Slovak Republic, South Africa, Sweden and United Kingdom .
  • Indiana: Australia , Canada (provinces of Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, Ontario, Newfoundland and Labrador), Norway, Sweden, Poland, and the United Kingdom .
  • Iowa: Australia , Canadian Provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland/Labrador, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territories), France, Germany, Ireland, Jamaica, Poland, Scotland, Slovak Republic, Sweden, and the United Kingdom .
  • Kansas: None
  • Kentucky: , Australia , Bermuda, Canada (all provinces), Czech Republic, Hungary, France, Germany, Jamaica, Mexico, New Zealand , Poland, Republic of South Africa, Slovak Republic, Sweden and the United Kingdom .
  • Louisiana: Australia , Canada (provinces of Ontario, Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland Poland, and United Kingdom .
  • Maine: Canada (provinces of Newfoundland, Labrador, and Quebec), Germany, Sweden, and United Kingdom .
  • Maryland: Australia , Canada (Provinces of Edmonton Alberta, Winnepeg Manitoba, Frederickton New Brunswick, St. John's Newfoundland , Halifax Nova Scotia , Toronto Ontario, Charlottetown Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory) , France, Ireland, Heidelberg Germany, Berlin Germany, Hungary, Jamaica, Poland, Sweden and United Kingdom .
  • Massachusetts: Austria, Canada (provinces of Quebec), Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom .
  • Michigan: Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Ontario, Prince Edward Island), France and Germany.
  • Minnesota: Australia , Austria, Canada : (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan and Yukon Territories), Czech Republic, Germany, Ireland, Jamaica, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom .
  • Mississippi: Canada (provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan), Czech Republic, Ireland, Slovak Republic and Sweden.
  • Missouri: Australia , Austria, Canada (provinces of Alberta, New Brunswick, Northwest Territory, Ontario and Saskatchewan), Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Micronesia, Poland, Slovak Republic and United Kingdom .
  • Montana: All Canadian provinces and all countries with which the U.S. has federal agreements.
  • Nebraska: Australia , Canada (provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan), Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and the Slovak Republic..
  • Nevada: Austria, Canada (provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Columbia, Ontario, Nova Scotia), Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic and the United Kingdom .
  • New Hampshire: None.
  • New Jersey: Australia , Bermuda, Canada (provinces of Alberta, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory), Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Jamaica, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, South Africa, United Kingdom .
  • New Mexico: Austria, Canada (provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Columbia, Ontario,- Nova Scotia), Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, and the United Kingdom .
  • New York: Australia , Austria, Canada (all provinces), Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, Sweden, United Kingdom .
  • North Carolina: Australia , Canada (provinces of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Alberta, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia), Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom , ,
  • North Dakota: Australia , Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory), France, Germany, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Sweden and United Kingdom .
  • Ohio: Australia , Austria, Canada (all provinces, except Nunavit), Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand , Poland, Slovak Republic, Sweden and United Kingdom
  • Oklahoma: Australia , Canada (provinces of Alberta, New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan), Czech Republic, Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom , .
  • Oregon: Australia , Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory), Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Jamaica, Micronesia, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, Switzerland, United Kingdom and British Virgin Islands.
  • Pennsylvania: Australia , Canada (provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec and Saskatchewan), France, Germany, United Kingdom , Sweden, Ireland, .
  • Rhode Island: All countries with which the U.S. has federal agreements.
  • South Carolina: None
  • South Dakota: Australia , Canada (provinces of Ontario, New Brunswick, Territory of Nunavut, Yukon, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan,), Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, Sweden, United Kingdom .
  • Texas: Austria, Australia , Canada (provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon Territory), Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom .
  • Utah: Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory), France, Germany, Mexico, Norway, Poland, United Kingdom .
  • Vermont: Vermont has no official arrangements with foreign countries.
  • Virginia: Australia , Austria; Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland/Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Islands, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory), Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, United Kingdom , and Zimbabwe.
  • Washington State: Austria, Australia , Bermuda, Canadian Provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, NW Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Islands, Quebec, Saskatchewan; Czech Republic, Fiji, France, Germany, Hungary, Jamaica, Mexico, New Zealand , Norway,Poland, Slovak Republic, Sweden and the United Kingdom .
  • West Virginia: Not Available.
  • Wisconsin: Australia , Austria, British West Indies (pending), Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories (pending), Nova Scotia (pending), Ontario, Prince Edward Island (pending), Quebec (pending), Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory, Newfoundland and Labrador), Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland (pending), Mexico (all states except Durango, Mexico, Oaxaca, Sinalos) New Zealand , Nigeria (pending), Norway, Palau (pending), Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom .
  • Wyoming: None

Q. WHERE CAN I FIND FOREIGN CONTACT INFORMATION FOR FOREIGN COUNTRIES WITH WHICH INDIVIDUAL U.S. STATES HAVE RECIPROCAL CHILD SUPPORT ARRANGEMENTS?

A . Contact your local child support agency for foreign contact information for state-level arrangements.